Blood Relation Reasoning Questions are an important topic in the Reasoning Exam to be prepared for competitive exams be it for IBPS Clerk, PO, RRB, SO, SBI Clerk, or PO Exams. The number of questions and the complexity of questions vary from exam to exam every year.
Blood Relation Reasoning Questions are simple to understand but they can be made complex by twisting this simple logic. Blood Relations Reasoning questions can be classified into 4 types, which we’ll learn in this article.
Examples of Blood Relation Reasoning Questions and Practice Blood Relation Reasoning Questions are also given in this article.
Nowadays, questions in exams are mixed with multiple concepts and it requires practice and a deep understanding of basic concepts along with quickly identifying patterns.
What are Blood Relations?
Blood Relations is a relationship in this world between two human beings can be either by birth or by marriage. Below are the example of blood relationships:
Relationship by birth: Mother, Father, Son, Daughter, etc.
Relationship by marriage: father-in-law, mother-in-law, brother-in-law, etc.
What is Family Tree?
A family Tree is the pictorial or tree form representation of family members in chronological order. To solve the Blood Relations problem it’s very essential to understand and should be able to draw a family tree.
How to Draw a Family Tree?
One must know how to draw a family tree, below are a few guidelines to follow while drawing a family tree:
- Male members of the family are placed inside a square box.
- Female members of the family are placed inside a square box.
- Spouse relation is represented by a two-sided arrow.
- One generation should be on the same line or row, irrespective of gender.
- Children should come under their parents.
- Children should be arranged from elders to younger ones.
Family Tree Example
As per the above family tree, we can see that Mohan is the topmost or oldest family member and has two children Lalit and Bharat. Lalit is having two children one son(Raj) and one daughter (Rani). Bharat is having two children or two sons one is Ravi and the other is Ajay.
From the above explanation, we can see that Raj, Ravi, and Ajay are the Grandsons of Mohan. Whereas Rani is the Grand-daughter of Mohan. Radha is the spouse or wife of Mohan and she’s also the mother of Lalit and Bharat. Whereas Anita and Alka are spouses of Lalit and Bharat respectively.
Below are the relationship terminology, understanding them is very helpful in exams:
|1||Mother’s or Father’s son||Brother|
|2||Mother’s or Father’s daughter||Sister|
|3||Mother’s or Father’s brother||Uncle|
|4||Mother’s or Father’s sister||Aunt|
|5||Mother’s or Father’s father||Grandfather|
|6||Mother’s or Father’s mother||Grandmother|
|9||Husband’s or wife’s sister||Sister-in-law|
|10||Husband’s or wife’s brother||Brother-in-law|
|15||Uncle or aunt’s son or daughter||Cousin|
|16||Grandson’s or Granddaughter’s daughter||Great-granddaughter|
|17||Grandson’s or Granddaughter’s son||Great-grandson|
Types of Blood Relation Reasoning Questions
There are mainly four types of Blood Relation Reasoning Questions. These types can be categorized as below:
- Solving Jumbled Structure
- Symbolic Representation
- Relational Puzzle
Solving Jumbled Structure
In these types of Blood Relation Reasoning Questions, a brief description is provided of the relationship between a few family members in a jumbled manner. It is expected to solve these jumbled sentences and conclude correctly. Below is an example question on jumbled structure:
Example 1: Pointing at a picture Mr. Ravi says “He’s the only son of my grandfather’s only son”. Find out whom Mr. Ravi is pointing to?
Solution 1: Solving jumbled sentence: “He’s the only son of my grandfather’s only son”. To solve this we should approach from the topmost hierarchy.
Let’s assume Mr. Ravi’s Grandfather have only one son, that is Mr. X. And in the first half of the sentence says that Mr. X is also having only one son. Now Mr. Ravi has said that my grandfather in a statement. So, it’s clear that he’s pointing to himself in that picture.
In these types of Blood Relation Reasoning Questions, the relationships among the family members are represented by certain codes or symbols such as +, -, /, $, *, &, #, @, ! etc. The question is solved by decoding the relationships hidden in the symbols.
This type of question requires a lot of concentration and practice to solve quickly. The only catch here is to solve all the options to verify the final correct answer.
Read the following instructions:
- P $ Q means P is the brother of Q;
- P # Q means P is the mother of Q;
- P * Q means P is the daughter of Q
If the code of family is A # B $ C * D, who is the father in them?
Solution 2: Let’s analyze the symbols and put them below:
- A # B indicates A is the mother in the family
- B $ C indicates B is the brother of C.
- C * D indicates C is the daughter of D.
Since B and C are siblings and A is the mother of B and D is the father of C, D is the father of the family.
In these types of Blood Relation Reasoning Questions, a more complex form of the above two patterns and the number of family members grows along with in-laws. Solving these types of questions one must be very good at solving the above simple types of questions and efficiently understanding family tree making.
Example 3: Ravi is the son of Lalit’s Brother. Bharat is the son of Radha who is the wife of Mohan. Anita has two children Raj and Rani. Mohan has two sons and Anita is her wife of Lalit. Find the relation between Raj and Ravi?
Solution 3: From the above Family tree we can take help and try to prepare a similar tree with the available data in question. Once the tree is ready then we can find out that Raj and Ravi are brothers.
In these types of Blood Relation, Reasoning Questions are also made complex by mixing with Directions and Order and Ranking puzzles. Solving these types of questions requires a lot of practice and clear concepts.
Example 4: Ravi is the son of Lalit’s Brother. Bharat is the son of Radha who is the wife of Mohan. Anita has two children Raj and Rani. Mohan has two sons and Anita is her wife of Lalit. If all family member lives in the same building and the eldest person lives on the ground floor, then on which floor Ravi is living?
Solution 4: From the above Family tree we can take help and try to prepare a similar tree with the available data in question. Once the tree is ready then we can find out that Ravi is the grandson of Mohan.
As given in the question eldest people lives on the ground floor then we can clearly make out that the youngest will be living on the top floor which is the 2nd floor of the building.
Practice Blood Relation Reasoning Questions
Below are the Practice Blood Relation Reasoning Questions:
- Riya told Mansi, “The girl I met yesterday was the youngest daughter of the brother-in-law of my friend’s mother.” How is the girl related to Riya’s friend?
- Ravi is the son of Ajay’s father’s sister. Lalit is the son of Radha who is the mother of Bharat and grandmother of Ajay. Mohan is the father of Lalit and the grandfather of Ravi. Divya is the wife of Ashok. How is Ravi related to Radha?
- As per the instructions: P + Q indicates P is the brother of Q; P – Q indicates P is the sister of Q and P x Q indicates P is the father of Q. Which of the following means that A is the son of C?
- C – D x A + B
- B – A + D x C
- D + C – B x A
- C x D – A + B
Practicing the above Blood relation practice questions is not the end of your practice, but it’s the start of a new journey to apply logic to Blood Relation Reasoning Questions with multiple approaches in a right and faster way.
For cracking competitive exams one must practice more and more Blood Relation Reasoning questions. At last, during the exam, if a solution for the Blood Relation Reasoning Questions cannot be found easily then mark that question to revisit and move ahead instead of wasting time and energy.