**Statement and Assumption** are an important **topic in Reasoning Exam** to be prepared for competitive exams be it for IBPS Clerk, PO, RRB, SO, or SBI Clerk or PO Exams. The number of questions and the complexity of questions varies from exam to exam every year.

**Statement and Assumption** are simple to understand but it can be made complex using multiple statements. **Examples of Statement and Assumption** and **Practice questions on Statement And Assumption** are also given in this article.

Nowadays, questions in exams are mixed with multiple concepts and it requires practice and deep understanding of basic concepts along with quickly identifying patterns.

## What is Statement and Assumption?

In a statement and assumption question, a statement is given in the question along with a few assumptions made on them. For solving these questions one must need to pick the assumption which most appropriate and logically correct.

Statement and assumption questions need to be answered logically correct, guessing will tend to lose marks. Hence candidates must carefully and logically choose the correct answer.

## Steps to solve Statement and Assumption Questions

Below are the **steps to solve Statement and Assumption Questions**:

- Read the statement carefully.
- Assumptions are correct in the context of the statement.
- Don’t assume or consider any other factors unless specified in statement or question.
- Read all the assumptions along with the statement and conclude logically considering general awareness and common facts.
- Use the elimination method if you are unable to logically reach the correct answer.
- Eliminating the less logical options, we’ll leave use with fewer options, and then it’ll be easier to choose the correct one.
- Correct Assumption is something that the author believes to be the true and correct explanation.

## Examples of Statement and Assumption

Below are the **examples of Statement and Assumption question**:

**Example 1**: Statement: Liquor is a reason for the common health problems for poor people.

Assumption 1: Poor people can’t afford costly liquor.

Assumption 2: Bad quality and cheap liquor is the main cause.

Assumption 3: Hygenic is the biggest problem.

**Solution 1**: As per the statement emphasis of Author is on Liquor and related health problem among poor people. Let’s eliminate the wrong assumptions.

Assumption 3 says about hygienic issues which can be true but it requires a lot of explanation. Which is not required in solving these questions.

Assumption 1 say about affordability of liquor for poor people. This again doesn’t makes clear assumption of costly liquor with bad health.

Assumption 2 this is the only option which we’re left with it. This assumption talks about bad quality of liquor. Hence anything that’s of bad quality will lead to bad health.

Hence, Assumption 2 is correct for the statement.

**Example 2**: Statement: The travel organizer has canceled the mountain trip.

Assumption 1: Trip wasn’t cost-effective for the travel organizer.

Assumption 2: Bad weather conditions lead to the cancellation of this trip.

Choose the correct option from below:

- Only Assumption I follows
- Only Assumption II follows
- Neither Assumption I nor Assumption II follows
- Either Assumption I or Assumption II follows
- Both Assumption I and Assumption II follow

**Solution 2**: As per the statement, both the assumptions are logically correct as there’s not much clarity in a statement for reason. In absence of reason, both the assumptions can be the reason for the mountain trip cancellation.

Hence, 5th option is correct.

## Practice questions on Statement and Assumption

Below are the **practice questions on Statement and Assumption**:

- Statement: This Year exams are postponed due to COVID-19.

Assumption 1: COVID-19 is pandemic.

Assumption 2: Crowd gathering will lead to the spread of COVID-19.

Assumption 3: People are advised to stay inside the home. - Statement: Lockdown was imposed, because of COVID-19.

Assumption 1: COVID-19 requires lockdown.

Assumption 2: Gathering and people’s movement will spread disease more rapidly.

Assumption 3: All nations agreed to impose lockdown. - Statement: Loan moratorium option was given in COVID-19.

Assumption 1: Because of Lockdown EMI cannot be paid.

Assumption 2: Loss of income for many due to lockdown.

Assumption 3: Bank has to provide liquidity in the economy. - Statement: World tourism has shrunk because of COVID-19

Assumption 1: Gathering of people will lead to the spread of disease.

Assumption 2: People are not interested in tourism.

Choose the correct option from below:

A) Only Assumption I follows

B) Only Assumption II follows

C) Neither Assumption I nor Assumption II follows

D) Either Assumption I or Assumption II follows

E) Both Assumption I and Assumption II follow - Statement: Flood is a common problem in low lying areas.

Assumption 1: Rainwater tends to collect in a low lying area.

Assumption 2: During heavy rainwater moves from high area to low area.

Choose the correct option from below:

A) Only Assumption I follows

B) Only Assumption II follows

C) Neither Assumption I nor Assumption II follows

D) Either Assumption I or Assumption II follows

E) Both Assumption I and Assumption II follow

## Final Words

Practicing the above **Statement and Assumption practice questions** is not the end of your practice, but it’s the start of a new journey to apply logic on **Statement and Assumption** Questions with multiple approaches in a right and faster way.

For cracking competitive exams one must practice more and more number of **Statement and Assumption** questions. **At last**, during the exam, if a solution for the **Statement and Assumption** Questions cannot be found easily then mark that question to revisit and move ahead instead of wasting time and energy.